Person Index

Tollemache, Algernon Gray

Algernon Gray Tollemache
b: 1805
d: 16 JAN 1892
Biography
William Manners Tollemache, Lord Huntingtower (19 May 1766 – 11 March 1833), known as Sir William Manners, Bt,
...
On 12 January 1790, he married Catherine Rebecca Gray (d. 1852), by whom he had six sons and six daughters:
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Hon. Louisa Tollemache (1791–1830), married Sir Joseph Burke, 11th Baronet and had issue
Lady Catherine Camilla Tollemache (1792–1863), married Sir George Sinclair, 2nd Baronet and had issue
Lady Emily Frances Tollemache (1793–1864), unmarried
Hon. Lionel Tollemache, 8th Earl of Dysart (1794–1878)
Hon. Felix Thomas Tollemache (1796–1843), married twice and had issue
Hon. Arthur Caesar Tollemache (1797–1848), married and had issue
Hon. Caroline Tollemache (1799- 1825), unmarried
Lady Catherine Octavia Tollemache (1800–1878)
Hon. Hugh Francis Tollemache (1802–1890), married and had issue
Hon. Frederick James Tollemache (1804–1888), married twice and had issue
Hon. Algernon Gray Tollemache (1805–1892), married
Lady Laura Maria Tollemache (1807–1888), married James Grattan
from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Tollemache,_Lord_Huntingtower_(1766%E2%80%931833) accessed 28 Nov 2011

Record Title : Tollemache family
Correspondence
Display Dates : [1847-1872]
Reference Number : Micro-MS-0960
Issue Restriction : Unrestricted
Use/Reproduction : Permission given by Victoria Rance for researchers to make photocopies for private use
Collection Status : COLLECTION
Issue Status : Issuable ITEM
Linear Metres : 0.02
Quantity : 1 microfilm reel(s)
Physical Description : Mss (microfilm)
Scope and Contents : Comprises correspondence between brothers Algernon (in New Zealand) and Frederick Tollemache (in England); letters from Isabella Forbes to Frederick Tollemache; and letters from Louisa Tollemache to Frederick Tollemache from New Zealand
Names : Tollemache family (Creator)
Tollemache, Algernon Gray, 1805-1892 (Contributor)
New Zealand Company (Subject)
Tollemache, Frederick James, 1804-1888 (Contributor)
Tollemache, Frances Louisa, 1804-1893 (Contributor)
Tollemache, Isabella Anne, d 1850 (Contributor)
Subjects : Families - Correspondence
Land settlement - New Zealand - Wellington Region
Social history - New Zealand - Wellington Region
Places : Wellington Region
Record Types : Personal records Correspondence
General Notes : Donor/vendor - Purchased from the London Metropolitan Archives, Apr 2004
Source of Title - Supplied by Library
Provenance : Passed from Mrs Janet Rance to her daughter Sara Rance, on her death
Institution : Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand
from web site http://tapuhi.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/spydus/FULL/GLOBAL/OPCOMB/19/918839,3 Accessed: 30 May 2011

Record Title : Tollemache family
Correspondence
Display Dates : [1847-1872]
Reference Number : Micro-MS-0960A
Issue Restriction : Unrestricted
Use/Reproduction : Permission given by Victoria Rance for researchers to make photocopies for private use
Collection Status : COLLECTION
Issue Status : Issuable ITEM
Linear Metres : 0.02
Quantity : 1 microfilm reel(s)
Physical Description : Mss (microfilm)
Scope and Contents : Comprises correspondence between brothers Algernon (in New Zealand) and Frederick Tollemache (in England); letters from Isabella Forbes to Frederick Tollemache; and letters from Louisa Tollemache to Frederick Tollemache from New Zealand
Names : Tollemache family (Creator)
Tollemache, Algernon Gray, 1805-1892 (Contributor)
New Zealand Company (Subject)
Tollemache, Frederick James, 1804-1888 (Contributor)
Tollemache, Frances Louisa, 1804-1893 (Contributor)
Tollemache, Isabella Anne, d 1850 (Contributor)
Subjects : Families - Correspondence
Land settlement - New Zealand - Wellington Region
Social history - New Zealand - Wellington Region
Places : Wellington Region
Record Types : Personal records Correspondence
General Notes : Donor/vendor - Purchased from the London Metropolitan Archives, Apr 2004
Source of Title - Supplied by Library
Provenance : Passed from Mrs Janet Rance to her daughter Sara Rance, on her death
Institution : Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand
from web site http://tapuhi.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/spydus/FULL/GLOBAL/OPCOMB/19/963309,4 Accessed: 30 May 2011

Record Title : Articles and letters to newspapers
Display Dates : [19--]
Reference Number : MS-Papers-0049-137
Collection Record : Hunter family : Papers (MS-Papers-0049)
Issue Restriction : Unrestricted
Collection Status : PART OF COLLECTION
Issue Status : Issuable ITEM
Quantity : 1 folder(s)
Scope and Contents : Undated manuscripts articles etc. Includes notes on Willis Street, Tollemaches; notes on Lower Hutt; New Zealand birds; New Zealand Company ships - Oriental, Adelaide, Aurora; Bishop Selwyn; list of directors of the New Zealand Company; Port Nicholson; reminiscences of old Willis Street; opening of Barrett''s Hotel; Government Commissioners'' decision,; G F Angas on Wellington, 1845; arrival of Samuel C Brees, surveyor-general of NZ Company; account of a sale of cattle at Bethune & Hunter''s auction mart, 25 Dec 1841; naming of Hunter Street after Sir George Hunter; naming of Island Bay (Sir George Hunter proprietor of the estate); account of first race in New Zealand held at Te Aro pa; statement discrediting Governor Hobson''s low opinion of Port Nicholson; founding of Wellington Chamber of Commerce, 1856 with names of presidents, 1856-1868
Finding Aids : Piece-level inventory available
Names : Tollemache family (Subject)
Oriental (Ship) (Subject)
Aurora (Ship. Barque. 1817-1840) (Subject)
Adelaide (Ship) (Subject)
New Zealand Company (Subject)
Barrett''s Hotel (Wellington) (Subject)
Angas, George French, 1822-1886 (Subject)
Brees, Samuel Charles, 1810?-1865 (Subject)
Wellington Regional Chamber of Commerce (Subject)
Selwyn, George Augustus (Bishop), 1809-1878 (Subject)
Subjects : Horse racing
Places : Willis Street
Lower Hutt
Port Nicholson
Hunter Street
Island Bay
Te Aro
Institution : Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand
from web site http://tapuhi.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/spydus/FULL/GLOBAL/OPCOMB/19/707818,2 Accesssed: 30 May 2011

Record Title : Inward letters - A G Tollemache
Display Dates : 1857-1876
Reference Number : MS-Papers-0032-0605
Collection Record : McLean, Donald (Sir), 1820-1877 : Papers (MS-Group-1551)
Issue Restriction : Restricted : Microfilm available. Use MS-Copy-Micro-0535-094
Issue Copy : Copy for Issue : Inward correspondence (Thompson - Hanson Turton) : (Microfilm of MS-Papers-0032, folders 0603-0611) (MS-Copy-Micro-0535-094)
Collection Status : PART OF COLLECTION
Issue Status : Issuable ITEM
Quantity : 1 folder(s) (43 pieces)
Scope and Contents : Letter to McLean written from Ham House, Petersham, Surrey, Feb 1857; letter to his brother Hon Frederick J Tollemache (Ham House) written from Wellington, Aug 1859; letters to McLean written from Wellington, 1860 & Apr 1864, from Ham House, Petersham, Sep 1864-Sep 1869 (re Douglas); letters to McLean written from Wellington on his arrival from England with Douglas, Feb 1870.
Letter from Tollemache to his brother Frederick, Wellington, Sep 1871; to McLean from Napier, Apr 1872-Jun 1875; unsigned letter from [Douglas Maclean] to Tollemache, Wellington, Jun 1876; letter from Louise Tollemache postmarked Feb 1869 (enclosing one from her husband); accounts; Clifton College report, undated (for Douglas Maclean in lower third form); undated letter from G S [?] Tollemache, Ireland asking [Douglas] to pay a visit
Includes outward drafts by Donald McLean dated 3 Oct 1860, 26 Mar 1864, 12 Apr 1864, 18 Dec 1868, 12 Jan 1870, 1 Jun 1875
Member Series : Series 1 Inward letters (English)
Names : Tollemache, Algernon Gray, 1805-1892 (Contributor)
Tollemache family (Contributor)
Clifton College (Bristol, England) (Subject)
Subjects : Education - England
Institution : Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand
Digital Objects : View archived copy online
from web site http://tapuhi.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/spydus/FULL/GLOBAL/OPCOMB/19/32721,1 Accessed: 30 May 2011

Record at Archives
Draft drawn up by EJ Wakefield, New Zealand Company and AG Tollemache - 4 July, Year: 1850, Agency: NZC, Series: 231, Box: 1/1, Part: 54, Archives NZ, Wellington

Record at Archives
A. G. Tollemache - 22 September 1851 - Applies to have his town acre marked off, Year: 1851, Agency: SSD, Series: 1, Box: 4, Record: 235, Archives NZ, Wellington

Record at Archives
Cancelled supplementary land orders of A. G. Tollemache Rawson and others, Year: No date, Agency: LS-W, Series: 64, Box/Item: 5/7a, Archive NZ, Wellington

New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator 12 February 1842
We understand that the Hon. A. G. Tollemache, who has large possessions in this part of New Zealnd, and has lately purchased thirty sections - 9,000 acres - in the Second Colony, intends to leave England for Wellington, in November next.

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 11 May 1850
...
One of the passengers by the Lady Nugent, though not intending to become a permanent resident amoung us, is yet likely to make his temporary sojourn of considerable importance to the colony. The Hon. A. G. Tollemache, the colossus of absentee New Zealand proprietors, has very wisely paid the colony a visit, to judge for himself of the value of his property; and we have reason to believe that Mr Tollemache will set an example of liberal dealings with his land, which cannot be lost on other absentee proprietors. Mr. Tollemache is the holder of now less than thirty-seven allotments of land in Nelson, besides large property in some of the other settlements.
...

Wellington Independent 25 June 1853
To his Excellency Sir George Grey, K.C.B., Governor of New Zealand.
The Petition of the undersigned, Inhabitants of the Hutt Valley and adjacent country, and others respectially sheweth.-
1st. That the groundwork of the measures adopted by the New Zealand Company, the Crown and Parliament, with regard to grants of land as compensation to the settlers, was an acknowledgement of the two following principles; namely, in the first place, that in consequence of the circumstances for which the settlers were in no degree blameable, the legitimate expectations with regard to obtaining property in land, which induced them to emigrate had been cruelly frustrated; and, secondly, that for such disappointment of their expectations, the settlers were justly entitled to compensation.
2nd. That in giving effect to these principles by means of grants of land free of cost, compensation was, for the most part, confined to persons of the higher classes, and the claims of the humbler and more industrious classes was entirely overlooked.
3rd. That the disappointments and sufferings, occasioned to the whole body of colonists by the circumstances which locked up the land from appropriation and settlement in the Wellington District, were more severely felt by the working classes than by their superiors in wealth and station, whose ordinary means of subsistence were not suspended by the native war, and whose property in land was ultimately recovered whilst the working-classes, who fought to recover the property of the others, lost, in many cases, the whole of their property, and were frequently reduced to a state of the deepest distress.
4th. That your petitioners complain, not merely of the partiality of the arrangements under which compensation was obtained by the higher classss, and entirely withheld from the working-classes, but also of the continuation even unto the present day, of a state of things which has precluded the working-classes from obtaining freehold property in available land for that, whilst the grants of compensation to the higher classes have been satisfied by opening the district of Rangitiki, which notwithstanding its distance from settled parts of the Province, is highly suitable for the operations of capitalists, stockowners not residing on their property, no district has ever been laid open, for selection by in such a position as to be really available for settlers of small means wishing to occupy the land themselves; and that, consequently, this Province presents the strange fact of a new and fertile country in which, after thirteen years occupation by emigrants of the British race aud nation, the proportion of freeholders is insignificantly small: whereas it is notorious that in new countries generally, peopled by emigrants whose darling object in leaving their native country is to obtain landed property, the great bulk of the inhabitants, seldom less than three out of four, and often as many as seven out of eight, are actual possessors of freeholds not less in extent than from 50 to 100 acres each.
5th. That this anomalous and uuhappy state of things, coupled with the fact of a large award of compensation in land to persons of the higher and less industrious classes, has occasioned in this province, among the working classes generally, a deep sense of their having been treated with injustice; that according to that freedom which has for more than a thousand years been deemed the birthright of Englishmen, the greatest constitutional lawyers have held that there can be no wrong without a remedy for any subject of the British Crown that until the wrong of which your Excellency''s Petitioners complain as having been inflicted on the working classes of this province shall be redressed, feelings of soreness and anger, such as injustice always produces, are sure to prevail amongst those, who have been injured; that if such feelings should be left without some real attempt to allay them by a satisfying measure of justice, they cannot fail to be represented in the legislative assemblies by which New Zealand is in future to be governed where it is equally certain that they must give occasion to loud demands for redress, and to serious discord between class interests and feeling, operating as an impediment to much needed legislation for purposes of the highest importance to the colony, and tending to lower the character of our constitutional government in the estimation of the mother-country and the neighbouring colonies; and that, consequently, it appears to be a high duty imposed upon your Excellency, to use the authority at present vested exclusively in your own hands, for the purpose of settling, and finally disposing of, this great popular grievance before the new constitution shall be called into action.
6th That you Petitioners are satisfied, not merely that the Proviso attached to Clause 72 of the Cousiitution Act, does give the Governor of New Zealand lawful authority to sette and dispose of all questions relating to compensation in land, but that such proviso was inserted in the Act for the deliberate and especial purpose of enabling the Governor to hand over the waste lands of the Colony to the General Assemby, free from the entanglements and embarrassments which belong to unsatisfied claims for compensation.
7. (sic) That in case, your Excellency should be of opinion that on the grounds of justice, of policy, and of legality, the claim to compensation for the working, classes ought to be admitted, your Petitioners would point out that it mere admission of the claim, or even the grant of land orders Authorizing the bearers to select laud, would be far from accomplishing the object in view, unless other meaaures were adopted at the same time, which your Petitioners will now respectfully indicate. There would not be equal justice in the arrangement unless, as was carefully provided for in the ease of grantees of the higher classes who have obtained Compensation, a really available district were specially set apart for the working class compensation, so that persons of that class might select without being subject to competition from the higher classes who are holders of scrip, and who, from their superior station and knowledge and their possession of leisure, enjoy greet advantages over their fellow Colonists of the working classes, in the business of choosing sections of land in the wilderness. Nor is it less necessary that the district so devoted to the purposes of working-class compensation, should be within easy reach by persons whose industrious avocations would tie them for the present to the spot where they reside, and, lastly, although persons of the higher classes may manage, without a complete and correct survey, to choose the best spots in a large district laid open for selection, this is not the case with people of the working classes, who have neither time nor money to spend in the business of exploring; so that for the latter class, a really informing survey, exhibited as a map upon paper, is an indispensable condition of justice and equality.
Bth. In asking for these arrangetnents, your Petitioners venture to remind your Excellency, that the whole grievance of the working-classes, as now laid before you, arose from the fact that the higher classes were perfectly able, whilst the working-classes were as completely unable to take care of their own interests. As, at the time when the higher classes obtained compensation, and the working classes were neglected or forgotten, so now, unless Government shall take care to protect the working-classes and look after their interests, they will suffer wrong through the natural helplessness of their position, and can have no security against it save only, in a paternal exercise of the powers of Government. Such powers have been delegated to your Excellency, by our Sovereign and Parliament and will be exclusively yours for some time to come and your Petitioners entertain a confident hope that you will take pleasure in so exercising them, as to protect the interests of a meritorious and injured class of Her Majesty''s subjects, who are for the present incapable of self-defence, and must continue to be so, until the new constitution shall give them an influential voice in the conduct of public affairs. But, besides affording protection to the injured and helpless, your Excellency by giving ear to our Petition, would satisfy the claims of justice, would heal an angry sore in the feelings of the people, would give stability to property already acquired, would avert a conflict of classes in the future, and would earn the gratitude of the whole community subject to your individual sway, as a truly conservative ruler who had given effect to the principles of justice, beneficence, and peace Wherefore your Petitioners respectfully and most earnestly pray, that your Excellency may be pleased to take the premises into your early and serious consideration.
Hutt Bridge, 17th June, 1853.
Mr. Ludlam said he had formerly advocated compensation, in money, to those who suffered in the maori war. That was the only compensation, he could approve of. He advised an application to that effect to the Provincial Council. That would involve taxation, but still he thought it the most legitimate way. He should agree to the whole petition, if the word "money" were substituted for the word "land." All land compensation had been and always would be, a curse. If he were asked what he thought the best plan, he would propose, though he knew it was hardily feasible, an inquiry into the former compensation, with a view of taking away the unjust grants already made (cheers), No doubt they were sore at being left out but it was difficult to determine who were the working classes. There were 1100 jurymen, of whom 700 were probably working men. As he understood Mr. Wakefield''s proposal, it would require 70,000 acres of land were they prepared to sacrifice the emigration fund from so large a quantity? The colony would dwindle away. He had a good claim for sufferings himself (laughter); he had undergone fatigues, guarding property, gun in hand (murmurs, and cries of "go with Us for some land"). No; he never would accept an acre he could''nt pay for. He had no wish to obstruct compensation to the working-classes; but it should be in money, not land (loud murmurs, and cries of "won''t do.") He had rather be taxed than see the land considered as worth nothing that was a wrong system. They should not commit such a sin because the upper classes had. (cries of "let them put theirs back"!) In many cases they ought not to have had any. He always had given them his fair opinions, and he trusted he always should. (Loud murmurs, amidst which Mr. Ludlam sat down.)
Mr. John Rush said, Mr. Ludlam''s policy was this he did not wish to see the working-man get land (cheers. "No, no," from Mr. Ludlam); he knew that money would soon be spent and then they would have to go to work again (cheers.) Stick to Mr. Wakefield, he''ll carry it through (loud cheers, and cries of "he will"). The monopolizers wanted to see us slaves stick to Mr. Wakefield & have land (cheers). This was the first time he had ever addressed a public meeting he was proud to have had the pleasure of addressing so honorable, so industrious, & so respectable a community as that of the Hutt. (loud cheering).
Mr. Renall meant to have seconded the motion if Mr. Kebblewhite had not stepped in before him (hear). He had been the first to propose compensation for the working-classes. He did not agree with Mr. Ludlam, or quite with Mr. Rush; for Mr. Ludlam''s objection was one of principle. They were fairly entitled to compensation (hear); those who had got it had suffered nothing in comparison with them, in the way of personal dangers, hardships, and anxieties, some had been safe away, and in bed all the time (cheers and laughter). He had been in favor of money compensation at first, but after conversations with Mr. Wakefield he had thought land better. Many of those entitled could not take good care of money, and their wives and families would derive no benefit (hear.) Even if it did require 70,000 acres what of that, when the others had got 150,000 acres? His Excellency may decline the prayer of the petition but in that case your representatives will have to deal with it. What will the candidates say? How about their own compensation? (cheers,) Could Dr. Featherston, and others, who had received passage money out of the price of the land, for which they got compensation, consider that those who don''t own an acre were entitled to compensation? Could they oppose the petition? (cheers). He believed Dr. Featherston to be a fair man, and trusted he would consider this fairly (hear, hear). He (Mr. R.) heartily concurred in the petition. If its prayer were refused by the Governor, they would be none the worse off. If it does not represent your feelings don''t adopt it, but if it does, do adopt it (cheers).
Mr. Hart Udy said, compensation was desirable, but expressed stroug doubts whether, if the Governor refused them, the representatives would do them justice. Many who had received the former compensation were the most disposed to refuse it to those who now claimed it.
Mr. Potts described in detail the particulars of his own claim to compensation, as having paid his own passage out, and paid a high price for a lease from which he derived no benefit. Compensation should be, not for losses during the maori war, but for general losses resulting from want of land (hear); losses we have sustained, and are still sustaining daily. We shall go to ruin, if we continue to want land (cheers). People would not go to the diggings, if they could get land. It would be a good plan if the Government were to give 50 acres to each of those who would occupy land (cheers).
Mr. Cuudy said a gentleman had asked him, when in town that morning, what the meeting was about. He told him to get their rights (hear, hear); that they had mooted it some time, and at length asked Mr. Wakefield to help them. The gentleman told him not to be soft-soaped, it was all gammon, Mr. Wakefield won''t do it (roars of laughter). But what then (Cheers). He had lost much in the Maori war, but much more before it, and so had others in that room (hear, hear). Many had suffered privations in this colony, and boiled nikau and fern for their families (cheers). Mr. Tollemache had told him the Nelson people were entitled to compensation, but they hadn''t been barred from the land for seven years, like the Hutt people. He (Mr. C.) was better off 2 years after he arrived than now. He had been seven years deprived of any return from cultivation, on the Waiwetu for want of roads. He described his anxieties during the Maori war. He hoped Mr. Wakefield
would consider the orphan children and widows. They were dependent on other people, who had generously volunteered to take the part of fathers and mothers to them, giving them not only food, but, he was proud to say, education too (hear, hear), which he trusted he should always be able to get for his own children (cheers). The orphans and widows were as much entitled to compensation, as any. All were honestly entitled to it (loud cheers).
Mr. Judd described the hardships undergone by himself and his wife during the Maori war.
Mr. Lansdale said there was a species of laud-smuggling, which he feared the governor''s exciseman took no notice of (hear). The smugglers of land had got the best of it, which would have best suited the working men (laughter). They were the vultures, who had snapped up 150 acres each. Those poor men should get compensation, who had wasted their labour on other men''s laud sub-let to them, and who were turned off when it became valuable (hear). He concluded by expressing his continued affection for Sir George Grey, who, doubtless, would co-operate with their representatives to do them justice as they deserved. He recommended all to sign, and declared his confidence in Mr. Wakefield (cheers).
Mr. Wakefield begged leave to administer a little more "soft soap," to the meeting (laughter and cheers). Mr. Cundy had let out the name of the gentleman who talked about him, and had done so without improperly repeating private conversations, for Mr. Tollemache was an exception from the general rule, which forbids that private conversations should be repeated at public meetings. He was himself a sort of public meeting (cheers and laughter); he passed his mornings in instilling his political views into everybody who would listen to him, and his afternoons in walking and talking with the head of the Government. His conversations on public matters of importance were a fit subject of remark in public. As the greatest land jobber in New Zealand, he had a great personal interest in opposing this claim to compensation. If 50,000 acres in the best position were set apart for it, where would Mr. Tollemache choose? or those to whom he sold scrip (cheers). As a great dealer in scrip, he turns Mr. Cundy''s van into a public meeting (laughter and cheers). Mr. Cundy is the chairman, and reports what passes (laughter). But he may be seen elsewhere every day diligently propagating his opinions on public matters, in which he has no interest except as a land-jobber. Why does he not come into public, instead of creeping about as a political proselytiser, and meet face to face whose whom he dares to calumniate behind their backs? He (Mr. W.) called on him to do so, and if he refused they would know what to think (loud and continued cheering). He (Mr. W.) agreed with Mr. Potts that no man''s claim should be for special loss, but that every claim should be founded on the general disappointment and suffering of having come to a new country with expectations which had been held out by authority, and cruelly frustrated. It would be impossible to draw any nice distinctions, As a matter of policy, independently of the question of justice, he should not wish to exclude any one. He was persuaded that amongst the marvellous consequences of the discovery of gold in Australia, all men of our race inhabiting this part of the world would be owners of land, and not servants (loud cheers). He believed that if men of our race were longer prevented from getting really available land in New Zealand, they would go to Australia in order to share in the high profits which might be obtained in the gold fields without being a servant. Therefore as a mere question of policy, he should gladly add 50,000 or 70,000 acres to the land already granted in compensation, as a means of fixing in this province the British emigrants who now inhabit it. He was sorry to differ with Mr. Ludlam, because he believed Mr. L. had a kindly feeling towards the working classes, and he had no grudge against him for Nomineeship in the past, which he wished might be forgotten, so that no man''s co-operation in good work for the present and the future should be rejected. But he really could not understand Mr. Ludlam''s view. If the word "money" were substituted for the word "land" in the petition, the whole argument of the petition would be turned into nonsense (hear, hear). In making his own proposal, he dwells rather on the objections to it than on its recommendations (hear). He proposes what has struck his own fancy, but what he almost admits to be an impossibility. After suggesting that means should be adopted, in case the petition should be declined by his Excellency, of asking electors in other parts of the province for their co-operation, Mr. Wakefield expressed a confident hope that the aim of the petition would be accomplished in one way or other, if the people should bear in mind the maxim, that "God helps them who help themselves!" (cheers).
Mr. Hart Udy said that the Governor had been friendly to the working classes, and he hopod he would continue the same (hear, hear).
The resolution was then carried unaniniously amid loud and general cheering.
On the motion of Mr. Renall it was then, resolved that Mr. Scott, Mr. Wakefeild, Mr. Renall, and Mr. Lawson Potts be deputed as a Committee to forward the Petition to the Governor, and respectfully to request his Excellency to name a time "when it may be convenient to him to receive the deputation for the purpose of further explaining the views of the Petitioners; and also to adopt such other means as they may deem advisable for giving effect to the Petition."
A letter from Mr. Willcock was read by the Chairman, in which he declined to be a Candidate for the representation of the Hutt.
Mr. Renall asked if Mr. Wakefield would give any information about a plan for importing labour from China, which had been advertised in the newspapers.
Mr. Wakefield said that he was quite unprepared to go into the subject, but that he knew a good deal about the plan, which he described as having originated in the Province of Canterbury, where the want of labour was so severely felt, in consequence of emigration, to the diggings and the stoppage of immigration from England, that a private speculation for importing Chinese labourers from Sydney was in contemplation, when some of the leading settlers proposed to substitute for it a direct communication with China, whereby labourers of a superior class might be obtained, instead of the refuse of Chinese immigration which alone could be procured at Sydney by private traders importing men as they do horses at the smallest amount of cost and trouble. But on enquiry it was seen that a direct communication with China would be best promoted by the aid of commercial enterprise, which would lower the price of tea, sugar, and rice in New Zealand, by making us independent of Sydney for the supply of those articles; and for this purpose a communication was made to the merchants at Wellington, suggesting that they should undertake the whole operation on a guarantee of subscriptions towards the immigration of labor from settlers at Canterbury. The advertisement of the Wellington merchants proposed to let the Wellington settlers share if they pleased in obtaining servants from China. He could not at that late hour, go further into the subject, which belonged to that of the great social revolutions, whether for good or evil, which were sure to result from the discovery of gold in Australia. He believed himself that they would be for good, though it might be in no man''s power to define them at this moment; and amongst them it seemed not improbable that the great Chinese Empire, with its 300,000,000 inhabitants, the most industrious people in the world, would at length be effectually opened to the enterprise of the Anglo-Saxon race in America and the South Pacific (hear hear). It was a great and most important subject, - that of the free circulation of capital and labour throughout parts of the world which had but recently no inter-commuuicatiou, and all through the discovery on both sides of the Pacific, at this late period of the world''s history, of masses of wealth which the inscrutable ways of Providence had until now kept entirely conceded from mankind, as if they were reserved for the purpose of effecting, at a predetermined season, mighty changes in production, population, and commerce (hear, hear, hear). If they thought that, an examination of this subject would prove interesting to them, he would endeavour to prepare himself for delivering a lecture upon it at the Hutt (cheers) but in the meanwhile he wished to take the present opportunity of warning them that persons in Wellington, who belonged to, and sympathised with, the land speculators, some of them official persons, who all hated him for his sympathy with the mass of the people, and would drive him out of the country if they could, "were preparing to use this Chinese immigration matter as a handle for denouncing him as a foe to the working-classes in New Zealand (murmurs of disapprobation). But they could not keep their own secrets. He was acquainted with their schemes and he defied them (cheers). If those whom he now addressed should hear or read of his being attacked on this or any other score, he begged of them to be on their guard against the cunning malice of enemies to himself and to them, who would spare no pains in the invention of calumnies against him, with the object of depriving the working classes of such aid as he might render them in standing up for their rights, and depriving him of the aid of the working classes in his pursuit of that prosperity and greatness for New Zealand colonization which had been the darling object of his life for sixteen years (loud cheers). There woul be plenty of active and virulent misrepresentation of him, but he defied it, and called upon those who calumniated him anonymously and in private, (more especially the gentleman who talked to Mr Cundy about "soft soap") to attack him in public, when he should be present to defend himself (cheers). They would find it hard work to make out even in appearance that he was an enemy to the working classes (cheering). A vote of thanks to the Chairman for his able and impartial conduct in the chair Was passed unanimously, with cheering, and the meeting broke, up at a late hour, about 150 persons remaining to sign the petition.

Wellington Independent 3 August 1853
...
Mr. Wakefield attacked Mr Tollemache as a large landowner, upon which Mr. Mitchell charged him with having locked up his own land. Mr. Tollemache had sold and leased land upon liberal terms, but he (Mr. M.) for one could not get land from Mr. Wakefield on any terms.
...

-

1st Marriage for Frances Louisa Tollemache
Free BMD Records show Date Marriage Registered June 1850, District: St Geos. Han Sq, George Richard Halliday and Frances Louisa Tollemache, Volume: 1, Page 62
The district St Geos. Han Sq is an alternative name for St George Hanover Square and it spans the boundaries of the counties of London and Middlesex

-unsure if correct person?
Free BMD Records show Date Death Registered: March 1853, District: Lambeth, George Richard Halliday, Volume: 1d, Page: 268
The district Lambeth spans the boundaries of the counties of Greater London, London and Surrey

-

Free BMD Records show Date Marriage Registered: September 1857, District: Brentford, Names: Algernon Gray Tollemache and Frances Louisa Halliday, Volume: 3a, Page: 106
The district Brentford is in the county of Middlesex

Wellington Independent 19 February 1859
...
The clipper ship Alfred the Great sailed from Gravesend on the 7th December, with a full and valuable cargo of goods, and about 80 chief cabin, intermediate, and steerage passengers, for Wellington and Nelson. The Hon. A. G. Tollemache, a large landed proprietor in New Zealand, accompanied by his family, returned to the Colony by this ship. - Australian and New Zealand Gazette.

Wellington Independent 29 March 1859
CROWN GRANTS
Crown Land''s Office,
Wellington, 18th March, 1859.
THE undermentioned Deeds of Grant having been duly executed, are now ready for issue at the above office, on payment of the sum of Twenty Shillings on each Grant, under the provisions of the "Fees on Crown Grants Ordinance, Session VII., No. 2.
In cases where is is impossible for the party entitled to receive the Grant to attend in person to receive his Deed, it will be delivered to the bearer of an authority according to the subjoined Form, certified by a Magistrate, or by a Solicitor of the Supreme Court.
-
FORM OF AUTHORITY REFERRED TO.
I hereby authorise A. B., of to receive the Deed of Grant in my favor for
(Signature)
Witness,
(Signature of a Magistrate or of a Solicitor of the Supreme Court.)
PROVINCE OF WELLINGTON.
...
No. of Grant: 1356, Grantee: Alexander Yule, Locality: Featherston, Contents: 43 a, 2 r, 17 p
...
No. of Grant: 1587, Grantee: Algernon Gray Tollemache, Locality: Wellington, Contents: 0 a, 3 r, 34 p
No. of Grant: 1588, Grantee: Algernon Gray Tollemache, Locality: Wellington, Contents: 0 a, 2 r, 32 p
...

Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle 27 April 1859
THE SHIP ALFRED THE GREAT.- The ship Alfred the Great, Captain Mclntyre, arrived in this harbour on Sunday afternoon, from London via the Cape of Good Hope. She sailed from Gravesend on Tuesday, the 7th December, and met with a succession of contrary winds in the Channel. Sea-sickness and wet weather made the commencement of the voyage very uncomfortable; but all were more or less cheered by the change to fine weather, bringing with it dry decks, cheerful faces, stillness, and cleanliness. As the passengers recovered from their sickness, various things were set on foot to break the monotony of the voyage, among others a newspaper, containing leading and other original articles. This publication was of course a manuscript one, and was entitled the Flying Fish, or Tropical Express. It increased from sixteen to thirty-five pages, the later numbers being adorned with ornamented title pages, executed in pen and ink. The second number chronicled the safe delivery of Mrs. Boor (the surgeon''s wife) of a daughter, and contained an appropriate leading article and poetry on the event they have both done remarkably well on the voyage, and are now in perfect health. The ship scarcely experienced anything of the trade winds on the north of the line, and was consequently much delayed; and this, together with getting blown westerly off her course, rendered it necessary to put into the Cape for water. She arrived at the Cape on the 26th February, remained there ten days, and sailed again on Sunday, the 6th March. She made a splendid run to New Zealand, sighting it in thirty-six days, including two days calm, and two days foul winds, when contrary winds again awaited her, keeping her beating up for Cook Strait another week. Several dolphins and two sharks were caught in the tropics, and a number of petrels, albatross, Cape hens, and other birds further south. The health of the passengers has been very good, there being scarcely any sickness, and no deaths have occurred on board. The Hon. A. G. Tollemache and lady are passengers by this vessel, and we cordially welcome them both to the land of their adoption. She brings a large number of passengers, both cabin and steerage, some of whom are for Nelson. The Alfred the Great is one of Messrs. Willis, Gann, and Co.''s line of packets, and appears to be a fine roomy ship. The passengers speak in high terms of the courtesy and attention of Captain Mclntyre, and of his skilful seamanship. [A letter to the editor in the following issue of the paper, and signed by all the cabin passengers, denies the truth of the latter statement]. Id.


Colonist 10 May 1859
The Hon. A. Tollemache has presented to Church of England a valuable piece of land in Mulgrave-street, as a site fur the residence of the Bishop of Wellington. We also understand that the Bishop of New Zealand has generously promised to defray the cost of the house to be erected as the Bishop''s residence on the land presented by Mr. Tollemache.

Hawke''s Bay Herald 2 July 1859
RETURN OF LANDS SOLD, ASSESSMENT ON RUNS, AND GRANT FEES RECEIVED AT NAPIER, IN THE PROVINCE OF HAWKE''S BAY, FROM THE 1st OF MAY to THE 31st MAY 1859, INCLUSIVE
...
Algernon G. Tollemache, Land Selected or applied for: On H. R. Russell''s South Run, Contents: 684 a, 0 r, 0 p, Payment: 342 pounds
...

More land purchases

New Zealand Spectator and Cook''s Strait Guardian 24 September 1864
Diocesan Synod
...
Diocesan Fund.
...
The Committee have thankfully to acknowledge a donation (being the third) of 50 pounds from the Hon. A. G. Tollemache, half to be appropriated to native purposes, and a donation of 25 pounds from A. Ludlam, Esq.
...

Hawke''s Bay Herald 9 February 1865
HON. A. G. TOLLEMACHE.- Letters received in town announce the arrival in England of this gentleman.

Wellington Independent 11 May 1865
The Hon. Mrs. Tollemache. The will of the Hon. Gertrude Florinda Tollemache was administered to in the London Court by her daughter, the Hon. Frances Louisa, wife of the Hon. Algernon Gray Tolleinache, the residuary legatee, Arthur Hyde Denby, Esq., of the Inner Temple, the surviving executor, I having renounced. The testatrix was the eldest daughter of the late General Wm. Gardiner, niece of the first Viscount Mountjoy, and widow and relict of the Hon. Chas. Tollemache, who died in 1850.


Nelson Evening Mail 25 November 1867
The Independent says that private letters were received by the Mataura, which state that the Hon. A. G. Tollemache intends leaving England for Wellington in January.
...

Wellington Independent 30 May 1868
LORD CARDIGAN.- The present holder of this old title is the Marquis of Ailesbury, who, in default of direct issue, has succeeded to the earldom. Maria, Dowager Lady Ailesbury, is the sister of Mrs Algernon Tollemache, who has long been known in this colony where she for many years resided.

Evening Post 10 December 1869
The ship Wild Duck sailed from London for Wellington on the 6th October. Her passengers are Hon. A. G. and Mrs. Tollemache,
...

Evening Post 1 September 1874
The subscription collected towards the building fund for the new Anglican Church at Te Aro now amount to 820 pounds 3s, including 112 pounds specially collected towards the purchase of an organ. Messrs E. Pearce, G. Hunter, W. B. Rhodes, and A. G. Tollemache, and "A Friend," have given 50 pounds each; Mr F. A. Krull, 40 pounds; and Sir James Fergusson, Archdeycon (sic) Stock, T. Kebbell, G. Moore, and W. Turnbull, each 25 pounds. The fund seems to proceed merrily, and there appears every probability of the new church soon becoming an accomplished fact.

Nelson Evening Mail 27 September 1880
It is reported (says the Post) that the Hon. A. G. Tollemache - the chief absentee proprietor of land in New Zealand - has intimated his willingness to pay Property Tax on his New Zealand property, which is valued at 325,000 pounds sterling. This would come to about 1254 pounds per annum, and no doubt would be gladly accepted by the Colonial Treasurer, but, unfortunately, the Government has as yet received no such agreeable intelligence. We hope it may be true.

Evening Post 11 March 1881
The Hon. A. G. Tollemache, who is a large property-owner in this colony, but resides in England, paid yesterday, through his agent, Mr. Valentine Smith, property tax on all his money invested on mortgage in New Zealand, which could not be claimed under the Act, as he receives the interest direct, and not through an agent. The tax amounted to no less than £I6OO. This would represent a sum of £384,000.

Auckland Star 4 December 1889
Another item of English news is that Mr Tollemache, an absentee New Zealand property holder, is in ill-health, and the paragraph states that this gentleman-draws an income from New Zealand of 75,000 pounds per annum.
...

Marlborough Express 5 September 1890
...
The Hon. Algernon Tollemache, who at one time was a squatter in New Zealand, and is a grand uncle to the young Earl, has now left Ham House, in a portion of which he resided, and is living at Wick House adjutting on the Terrace at Richmond.

Free BMD Records show Date Death Registered: March 1892, District: Richmond S., Algernon G Tollemanche (sic), Aged: 86, Volume: 2a, Page: 356
The district Richmond, S. is an alternative name for Richmond Sry and it is in the county of Surrey

Evening Post 19 January 1892
Among the deaths announced in to-day''s cable messages from influenza at Home is that of the Hon. Algernon Tollemache, formerly a resident in this city, and who will be remembered by many of our readers. The Hon. Mr. Tollemache arrived in Wellington between 30 and 40 years ago, and resided here for a number of years. He was a gentleman of considerable wealth, and a great deal of his money was invested in New Zealand, principally in the Hawke''s Bay district. During his residence in Wellington he took a warm interest in the affairs of the Church of England, and the section in Mulgrave-street on which the Primate''s house stands was presented by him. The Hon. Mr. Tollemache, who was a son of the late Lord Dysart, was married, but had no family. His age was abont 87.


Probate Algernon Gray Tollemache, Year: 1892, Agency: AAOW, Series: 22760, Accession: W3846, Box: 757, Record: 633, Archives NZ, Wellington


Auckland Star 19 January 1892
Obituaries: Hon. Algernon Tollemache, formerly of Wellington, New Zealand, and Mr Benjamin Scott, F.R.C.S., Chamberlain of London; both suffered from influenza.

Evening Post 21 January 1892
The Waipawa Mail relates the following about the late Hon. Algernon Tolemache:- One instance of his generosity has never been publicly recorded, and it is perhaps fitting that it should be mentioned as a tribute to his memory. Throughout the last thirty years there have been many fluctuations in the value of landed property in this colony. Towards the close of one period of depression, Mr. Tollemache exercised his right of foreclosure over the estate of the Late Captain Carter, who had then retired from the Superintendency of the Province. General prosperity returned almost immediately, and it became evident that, if he had waited a few months longer, a higher price by several thousands of pounds would have been realised. Mr. Tollemache paid over to the widow and family the difference in price, though he derived no pecuniary benefit from the foreclosure, having resold the property shortly afterwards.

Star 16 February 1892
The Hon A. Tollemache.
The personalty of the late Hon Algernon Tollemache was proved at one million and a quarter, half a million of which is in New Zealand. The bulk of the income goes to his widow.

Auckland Star 29 February 1892
Many New Zealanders will regret to learn of the death of the Hon. Algernon Gray Tollemache, brother of Lionel, sixth Earl of Dysart, who died from pneumonia, following upon influenza, at his residence, Wick House, Richmond Hill, Surrey, on Saturday, January 16th, at the age of 86. The deceased was born in 1805, and married in 1857 his cousin, Frances Louisa, daughter of the Hon. Charles Tollemache. He represented Grantham from 1832 to 1837. On his return from New Zealand, where he lived many years, he resided principally at Ham House, Petersham

Star 28 November 1892
[Per Press Association.]
A LARGE ESTATE.
Wellington, Nov. 27
The value of the estate left in New Zealand by the Hon A. G. Tollemache was 464,201 pounds 15s 11d, on which 35,640 pounds duty is payable to the Government.

Ashburton Guardian 25 April 1893
The "Australian Worker" remarks:— Tollemache, an absentee New Zealand stationholder, is just dead. He was always very wealthy and always very mean. The Government has received from his estates £35,000 as legacy duty. He was the owner of many stations, and in the early days tramped from one to the other on foot to save horseflesh. He was so miserly he wouldn''t employ a washerwoman. It was a common sight for travellers to see him washing his shirt or socks (without soap) in a roadside creek. He also managed to rake up enough old clothes from the deserted hut after shearing to last him all the year round.

Free BMD Records show Date Death Registered: June 1893, District: Richmond S., Frances L Tollemache, Volume: 2a, Page: 227
The district Richmond, S. is an alternative name for Richmond Sry and it is in the county of Surrey

Probate Frances Louisa Tollemache, Year: 1893, Agency: AAOW, Series: 22760, Accession: W3846, Box: 759, Record: 678, Archives NZ, Wellington


Evening Post 17 July 1893
The report of St Mark''s Vestry for the year ending 30th June
...
The Hon. Mrs. Tollemache sent to the Incumbent, through Archdeacon Stock, 100 pounds towards the erection of a church at Newtown.
...

Marlborough Express 19 July 1893
A LEGACY.- A lady residing in Upper Willis-street, Wellington, has received a legacy of 2000 pounds under the will of the late Hon. Mrs Tollemache, a former well-known Wellington resident, who recently died in England.

Otago Daily Times 6 October 1894
LORD SUDELY''S TOUR
...
He leaves for the Lake country, going overland to Napier. Lord Sudely is one of the executors of the estate of the late Hon. Algernon Tollemache, of this colony, who was an uncle of Lady Sudely and had considerable property in the North Island. It is on this account that he is paying a a visit to this colony.
...

Star 5 August 1895
A NEW ZEALAND PROBATE CASE.
The Court of Queen''s bench has decided that the executors of Mrs Francis (sic) Tollemache are not liable for probate duty in England on 112,000 pounds invested in New Zealand, upon which duty was paid in that colony.

Star 6 May 1893
Obituary
Napier, May 5.
A cable message received here today announces the death of Mrs Tollemache, widow of the late Hon E. (sic) Tollemache. It is believed that this means another large windfall in the shape of legacy duty.


Otago Witness 10 October 1895
Many people in New Zealand, especially in the North Island, will recollect the late Hon. A. G. Tollemache, Lord Dysart''s brother, who invested so largely in New Zealand land early in the colony''s history, and reaped a vast golden harvest from those investments. Mr Tollemache once told a friend of mine that he had enjoyed ths enviable but unusual experience of having inherited eleven fortunes! His wife also came in for a few stray fortunes on her own account, and the combined wealth of th« pair must have been immense. Mr Tollemache died in 1892 and his wife in 1893, and now a point of law has arisen touching his New Zealand investments. It occupied the Queen''s Bench Court last Saturday. The question at issue was whether or not Mr Tollemache''s estates in New Zealaud should pay probate duty in England. The Crown held that they should, and the Attorney-general took proceedings for its recovery. It appeared from the affidavits that Mr Tollemache left more than a million and a quarter in personalty alone, irrespective of the vested landed property which formed the bulk of his wealth. The riches which he bequeathed to his widow included £111,850, forming part of a sum of £447,403 which he had invested in New Zealand mortgages. It was claimed that probate duty ought to be paid on this sum But the executors contended that it did not form part of Mrs Tollemache''s English estate, and that moreover they had already paid duty on it in New Zealand. The court decided that the executors were not liable, having already paid succession duty in the colony. This decision forms an important precedent.

Otago Witness 5 January 1897
details of the court case

Evening Post 15 November 1899
On Saturday last the Earl of Dysart came into full possession of his extensive estates in Lincolnshire, Leicestershire, Rutlandshire, and Surrey, under the will of his grandfather, the seventh Earl, who died on 23rd September, 1878, and left instructions that his heir should not have full control of the family estates until twenty-one years after his death. At the same time Lord Dysart came into possession, of about £2,000,000 of personalty, and also vast property in New Zealand. This property is the result of judicious investments made by his uncle, the late Mr. A. G. Tollemache, who for many years was a prominent figure in New Zealand.

Evening Post 19 December 1900
The building in Upper Willis-street which when first erected was the residence of the late Hon. A. G. Tollemache, was offered at auction yesterday by Messrs. J. H. Bethune and Co. for removal, and was sold to Mr. T. Ballinger

New Zealand Free Lance 22 February 1902
Mrs. Miller took a lease of Whitehall (up Plimmer''s Steps), which had formerly been the residence of the Hon. Algernon Tollemache, and under her very able management it became the most populr private boarding-house in the Empire City.
...
Facts
  • 1805 - Birth -
  • 16 JAN 1892 - Death -
Ancestors
   
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Algernon Gray Tollemache
1805 - 16 JAN 1892
  
 
  
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Family Group Sheet - Child
PARENT (M) William Manners Tollemache
Birth
Death
Marriageto Catherine Rebecca Gray
Father?
Mother?
PARENT (F) Catherine Rebecca Gray
Birth
Death
Marriageto William Manners Tollemache
Father?
Mother?
CHILDREN
FFrances Emily Tollemache
Birth1793
Death14 AUG 1864
MAlgernon Gray Tollemache
Birth1805
Death16 JAN 1892
Marriage1857to Francis Louisa Tollemache
Family Group Sheet - Spouse
PARENT (M) Algernon Gray Tollemache
Birth1805
Death16 JAN 1892
Marriage1857to Francis Louisa Tollemache
FatherWilliam Manners Tollemache
MotherCatherine Rebecca Gray
PARENT (F) Francis Louisa Tollemache
Birth
Death1893
Marriage1857to Algernon Gray Tollemache
Marriage1850to George Richard Halliday
Father?
Mother?
CHILDREN
Descendancy Chart
Algernon Gray Tollemache b: 1805 d: 16 JAN 1892
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